Birmingham, United Kingdom
In the renovation project of the Wharf building, the façade, listed as Grade II was retained. Because of the location directly on top of a proposed route of a tunnel, the façade was isolated from the supporting structure.
Part of the planning conditions included retaining the Grade II listed façade of the Wharf building which in turn is located directly above the proposed route of a tunnel. Due to concerns about structural damage to the retained façade during construction of the tunnel, it was a requirement to support the façade off pre-compressed spring boxes.
Initially the retained façade was temporarily supported. A concrete beam was then built which was supported by column stubs. The facade was then jacked by a couple of millimetres and then lowered back onto the spring boxes. When the façade was dropped onto the springs there was a differential deflection of 1mm and the pre-compression bolts were loose.
There were 30 spring boxes in total, comprising B3 and B6 boxes, with springs and nested springs chosen to take the individual loads at each point.
The springs had a cylinder device in the centre of the spring-box which restricted the differential lateral movement of the isolated structure to 2mm without compromising the natural frequency of the system
The springs also had >5% resonance damping which was created by 40mm poured elastomer layers at the top and bottom of each box.